Indian Logic and Science- Part 3

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ ” Indian theories of doubt range from the sceptical mode in some Buddhist schools to a pragmatic approach by philosophies such as Nyaya. Descartes’ methodology of doubt has been extremely influential in philosophy of science. The Read more…

Indian Logic and Science- Part 2

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai characterizes the role Indian Logic can play in understanding the nature of Science- ” In recent times, there have been many claims about the relationship of modern science with ancient Indian traditions. In this Read more…

Indian Logic and Science- Part 1

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai offers an introduction to Indian Logic- ” It is commonly believed that logic is unique to the Greeks and, through this, to the Western civilization. At the same time, many philosophers in the West Read more…

How are Science and Logic Related?- Part 4

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai now considers whether other activities also rely on the use of logic- ” Given what we understand by logic, it is indeed difficult to see how only science is concerned with logic. Even theology Read more…

How are Science and Logic Related?- Part 3

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai addresses the question of where logic is to be found in Science- “From the ancient Greek tradition to modern logic, logic is presumed to have certain characteristics: it is universal, is not related to Read more…

What do Scientists do?- Part 4

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai addresses what the work of an experimental scientist entails- “What do experimenters do in their everyday work? The paradigm of experiments must be the test tube experiments in schools, where students mix chemicals and Read more…

What do Scientists do?- Part 2

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai comments on another aspect of what scientists do- “Arguably the most important marker of science is this capacity to build institutions at all levels of the society. Science is primarily an activity of establishing Read more…

What do Scientists do?- Part 3

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai elaborates on the role of scientific models in theoretical work- ” Scientists spend an inordinate amount of time playing around with models and not with the phenomena of the world.” (Page 38) ” Newton Read more…

What do Scientists do? -Part 1

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai elucidates on the many things scientists do since it is often said that science is what scientists do. “Scientists go to office just like countless others. They have various tasks in their offices. They Read more…

What do we Mean by Science?- Part 4

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai explores the idea of science as a worldview- ” In an earlier section, I had mentioned Feynman’s description of science as a capacity to think critically. In the same talk, he also talks about Read more…

What do we Mean by Science? -Part 3

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s book, ‘What is Science?’ Dr. Sarukkai addresses the relationship between Science and Truth- “Science has an intrinsic engagement with truth. It is based on the belief that what is says about the world are the truths about the world. Scientists Read more…

What do we Mean by Science? -Part 2

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s Book, ‘What is Science?’ We now continue from the last post, and summarize further points from the book. Dr Sarukkai elaborates on the idea of science that Karl Popper, a famous philosopher used in his attempts to demarcate scientific hypotheses Read more…

What do we Mean by Science? – Part 1

Part of a Series of Excerpts from Prof. Sundar Sarukkai’s book,’What is Science?’ Dr Sarukkai offers some perspectives prevalent in the 19th century, relevant to science – “…the ‘scientist’ of those times moved between science, theology, political economy and even literature.” “Before the use of the word ‘science’ to refer Read more…

A Utilitarian View of Homosexuality

by Dr Ananya Barua & Aradhana Gupta. Sexuality is a complex phenomenon, particularly when looked at from a social perspective. This is primarily because the various dimensions of sexuality are not alike in all individuals. This is to say that everyone exhibits a variety of different desires and behaviors that Read more…

Non-human Ethics

by Nitesh Anchan. Introduction How should humans treat non-human beings? In other words, what is the correct or right mode of action towards members of non-human species? The ‘how’ question, i.e. how to treat non-human beings, relies on the ‘what’ question, i.e. what ‘are’ non-human beings. The ‘what’ question is Read more…

Relevance of law: A theoretical framework

by Ramakash Gujuluva Suryaprakash. As a student of law, a typical introductory class begins with these simple questions: a) what is the law; and b) what is the relevance/need of law. While it is difficult to define the term ‘law’ with precision, students generally come up with various opinions as Read more…

Consciousness and the need for philosophy

by S. Siddharth. Consciousness and why it is a problem It seems like not a week passes without someone proclaiming that the human mind and consciousness is the final frontier for science, perhaps forever beyond its reach. It’s even more surprising when it is sometimes leading scientists themselves who say Read more…

Self and Another: A Dialogical Relation

by Mahak Uppal. The term “dialogue” is defined by the Oxford online dictionary as “taking part in a conversation or discussion to resolve a problem”. It is derived from the root “dia” meaning “through or across” and “legin” meaning “to speak”. In its most popular usage, therefore, a dialogue is Read more…

‘Sacred Nature’ in the Upanishads

by Meera Baindur. Abstract When the sages of the Upanishads are speaking of nature and speaking of the sacred they were drawing deep connections between nature, human beings, and life. These insights reveal to us a renewed understanding of the way we should relate to nature that not only realigns Read more…

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